QU Digraph

qu digraph worksheet

qu digraph word wheel - from Liz's Early Learning Spot


Classification of Triangles

By Angle/By Sides

Triangles can be classified by sides:
  • scalene triangles have no equal sides
  • isosceles triangles have 2 equal sides
  • equilateral triangles have 3 equal sides
Triangles can be classified by their angles:
  • acute triangles  have 3 acute angles
  • obtuse triangles have 1 obtuse angle
  • right triangles have 1 right angle
Types of Angles Graphic Organizer

Types of Triangles - Notebooking pages - cut and paste notes, review flashcards.

Right Triangles/Pythagorean Theorem

Pythagorean Theorem Cut and paste notes - includes square root review and study questions. 3 pages.


Congruent Triangles Notebooking Notes - includes corresponding angles, sides and SAS and SSS, ASA. Includes review flashcards. 4 pages.

Prophets and Messengers

Prophets and Messengers in Islam
The word for Prophet in Arabic is "nabbee"
The word for messenger in Arabic is "rasool"

What is the difference between a prophet and messenger?

Question: Is there any difference between a Messenger and a Prophet?


Yes, the scholars say that a Prophet is one who receives Revelation from Allaah of a law, but he is not commanded to propagate it, only to practice it himself, without being called upon to disseminate it. A Messenger is one who receives Revelation from Allaah of a law and he is called upon to propagate it and to act upon it. Every Messenger is a Prophet, but not every Prophet is a Messenger. The Prophets are more in number than the Messengers, and Allaah has related the stories of some of the Messengers in the Quran and others He has not related. Allaah, the Most High says: And indeed We have sent Messengers before you (O Muhammad (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam)): Of some of them We have related to you their story, and some of them we have not related to you their story. And it was not given to any Messenger that he should bring a Sign except by the leave of Allaah. [1]

Based upon this Verse, it is plain that every Prophet mentioned in the Quran is a Messenger.

[1] Ghafir 40:78

Shaykh Muhammad bin Saalih al-`Uthaymeen
Fatawa Islamiyah Vol. 1 Page 226

The Messengers & Their Tasks

Timelines of the Prophets

Timeline of Prophets from Prophets of Allah Lesson Plans Online
This site, put together by Muslim homeschoolers, features lesson plans for the 10 prophets

Prophets Mentioned in the Quraan

Not sure where I found this graphic online:

  • A list I compiled from the Muhsin Khan translation of the Quraan:

Prophets & Messengers Notebooking

I ran across these beautiful notebooking pages today at Diary of a Muslim Homeschool:
Stories of the Prophets Notebooking Pages, 3 styles available
Prophets Notebooking Page 1 (TJ)

Notebooking Page Style 2 (TJ)


Resources for Specific Prophets/Messengers:

Prophet Adam

Story of Prophet Adam - PowerPoint and PDF. (links updated 11/9/17)
Donated to TJ

Prophet Dawood

Prophet Hud

Prophet Ibrahim

Prophet Isa

Prophet Lut

Prophet Muhammad

Prophet Musa

Prophet Nuh

Prophet Saalih

Prophet Shuayb

Prophet Yusuf

      Geometry: Circles - Relationships

      A circle is a round plane figure whose boundary (the circumference) consists of points equidistant from a fixed point (the center).


      Geometry and the Circle: Math Goodies has a set of online lessons on circles; exercises are included


      A little printable I whipped up for my son for review:

      I also came across this cute mnemonic aid which I added to our notebook in the picture above.

      Converting Between Fractions, Decimals, & Percent

      FDP Triangle and Chart Notebooking Printable

      A simple visual to use to show how to convert between fractions, decimals,and percent as well as a chart to fill in to show the equivalents of common fractions. 

      Arabic Yes! Book 1: Arabic Alphabet Standalone Forms

      In teaching my kids how to read Arabic over the years, I found that most of the teaching texts I came across did not provide what I thought was ample review for letter recognition.  So, I created a book of drills to give them more practice. 

      Each lesson has an "in lesson progress chart" that lets the student know which letters they are working on, which ones they have learned, and which letters have yet to be learned.

      There are also teaching notes that help you set up a basic routine for your lessons which includes review, writing practice, and dictation. There are flashcards.....

       a progress chart to color in

       and other aids to help you teach such as teaching notes and word lists. At the end, there is a certificate that you can present to your student for learning the alphabet.

      This book addresses only recognition of the standalone Arabic alphabet forms (the connected forms are taught in book 2, coming soon, in shaa Allah) 

      You can purchase Book 1 at the following sites:

      Sun and Moon Letters

      Here are a few resources for teaching the sun and moon letters in Arabic:

      Brief Shamsiyyah & Qamariyyah lesson – this is an old, quickie lesson, but I thought I would post it because I think it is still useful.

      Sun and Moon Letter Online Flashcards,  I found these at quizlet (I love quizlet). Do a flashcard drill or play a few simple games to practice

      Sun and Moon Sorting Activity - super cute from A Muslim Homeschool

      Sun and Moon Letter Poster - very nice visual poster to help distinguish between sun and moon letters from A Muslim Homeschool.

      Arabic Reading: The Tanween

      Introduction to Tanween

      Tanween looks like two short vowels written next together. Tanween gives the ending of a word a "n" sound.

      Lesson: Introduction to Tanween – 34 page unit (link updated 11/5/17)


      Fathah Tanween

      Fathatan Drill Flashcards (fathatan with each letter of the alphabet)

      Kasrah Tanween

      Kasratan Drill Flashcards (kasratan with each letter of the alphabet)

      Dammah Tanween

      Dammatan Drill Flashcards (dammatan with each letter of the alphabet)


      The Long Vowels in Arabic

      These resources can provide additional practice for starting to read with long vowels in Arabic.

      Long Vowel: Fathah with Alif

      Arabic - Long Vowel Fathah/Alif - Drill Cards

      Vowel: Kasrah with Yaa


      Long Vowel: Dammah with Wow



      The Road to Reading Arabic

      Compared to English, Arabic is much more phonetic.  In the majority of words, you can sound out the words, there are few exceptions. In that respect, learning to read Arabic is ultimately a matter of learning its phonics, you learn the sounds and put them together to make the words.

      On this page you will find:

      1) links to books teaching how to read Arabic
      2) A sample scope & sequence for teaching Arabic reading and beginning grammar.

      Books to teach Arabic reading

      Sample Arabic Reading & Beginning Grammar Scope & Sequence

      Below is a sample sequence you can follow in teaching your children to read Arabic. This is just one example but most of it follows along with methods from several Arabic learning books that we've used or come across.

      For several of the topics, I have resources that I created and I am in the process of adding links to them below.  Some of my resources are lessons and some are just supplemental. I think for continuity, it's ideal to follow from one book like those above, but sometimes there wasn't enough practice for me, so I either created a whole lesson or just supplemental practice/activities. PLEASE NOTE: The links in the scope and sequence below do not follow the outline, they are just links to resources I have made/found on that particular topic that is linked. Sometimes there are lessons, sometimes there are just supplemental practice resources.

      I. Arabic Alphabet I – Standalone forms

      You can choose to teach the standalone forms first or you can choose all the forms (beginning, middle, end) first. I've always preferred teaching the standalone forms first. Most of the Arabic textbooks that I've come across don't devote a lot of lessons/time to the alphabet so I have always felt the need to make up my own lessons to give lots of practice.
      • Introduction to Arabic Language/alphabet (# of letters, that it is written from right to left; that it is the language of Islam and the Quraan.)
      • Alif, Baa, Taa, Thaa
      • Jeem, Haa, Khaa
      • Review
      • Daal, Dhaal
      • Raa, Zaa
      • Seen, Sheen
      • Review Lesson
      • Saad, Daad 
      • Taw, Thaw
      • Ein, Ghein
      • Review lesson
      • Faa, Qaaf
      • Kaaf, Laam 
      • Meem, Noon 
      Order of Teaching the Letters
      Some people do not like teach similar letters together as it may confuse children when letters look alike except that the dot (nuqtah) configuration is different. I don't remember having this problem with my kids so I teach similar letters together. Another reason I like to teach the similar letters together is that similar letters have similar forms in the beginning, middle and end. So when they are learning connected forms, it just makes sense to me to teach like letters together.

      I also like to teach the letters in order to reinforce alphabetical order (knowing the order sure makes looking up words in an Arabic dictionary easier which I did a lot while learning Arabic).

      These are just my preferences.

      Another Approach:
      A sister once suggested, and I think I've come across in a book or two, is to teach teach the vowels, fathah, kasrah, and dammah early with the alphabet so that as students learn the letters, they can begin sounding out words or parts of words even as they learn the letters. I think this is a good idea if you have a textbook that teaches this way, but most I have come across don't and I tried to do this once with my son, but it was too hard as I had to make up the lessons and it was very time consuming for me.

      II. Arabic Alphabet II– Connected Forms 

      • Introduction to Arabic alphabet forms
      • Alif
      • Baa, Taa, Thaa
      • Jeem, Haa, Khaa
      • Daal, Dhaal
      • Raa, Zaa
      • Seen, Sheen
      • Review Lesson
      • Saad, Daad
      • Taw, Thaw
      • Ein, Ghein
      • Review lesson
      • Faa, Qaaf
      • Kaaf, Laam
      • Meem, Noon
      • Review Lesson
      • Haa, Waw, Ya
      • Final Review 


      • 0-10 (you might want to break it down further such as 0-5, 6-10 for younger kids, do two numbers at a time, or even just one number at a time for the lower numbers)
      • 11-20
      • Review
      • 20-99Lesson 5: 100-999
      • Review
      • 1000
      • Review 

      IV. Short Vowels

      • Introduction to Short Vowels
      • Fat-hah/Reading with Fat-hah
      • Kas-rah/Reading with kas-rah
      • Review: Fat-hah and Kas-rah 
      • Dam-mah/Reading with Dam-mah 
      • Reading with fat-hah, dam-mah, and kas-rah


      • Meaning of Sukoon/Reading with Sukoon

      VI. Long Vowels

      • Introduction to long vowels
      • Long vowel: fat-hah/alif
      • Long vowel: dam-mah/wow
      • Long vowel: kas-rah/yaa
      • Review

      VII. Tanween

      • Introduction to Tanween
      • Dammah Tanween
      • Kasrah Tanween
      • Review
      • Fathah Tanween
      • Review

      VIII. Shaddah

      • Introduction to shaddah
      • Shaddah with Fathah
      • Shaddah with dammah
      • Shaddah with kasrah
      • Review
      • Shaddah with tanween
      • Review

      IX. Sun and Moon Letters

      • Introduction to Sun and Moon Letters
      • Moon Letters
      • Sun Letters
      • Review
      • Definite/Indefinite
      • Review
      Beginning Grammar

      X. Parts of Speech

      • Introduction to the Parts of Speech
      • The Ism: Types of Isms (beginning level)
      • Gender
      • Definiteness/Indefiniteness
      • Describing Words Must Match Words They Describe 
      • Detached Pronouns
      • Attached Pronouns – attached to nouns to show possession
      • Ism Review
      • The Harf: Introduction
      • The Effect of Harf preceding words
      • The Harf with attached pronouns
      • The Verb: The 3 Verb Tenses
      • The Past tense verb/conjugating
      • The Present tense verb
      • The “Future tense verb”
      • Review Lesson
      • Final Review

      XI. Types of Sentences

      • Jumlatul Ismiyyah
      • Jumlatul Fi’liyyah
      • Review

      XII.Using Numbers (in context)

      • Number review
      • Using cardinal numbers
      • Ordinal numbers
      • Review

      Tips for Teaching Reading: Repeated Reading

      (from TJ Companion blog, circa 2007)

      We use a technique called repeated reading for English.  You select a small passage (paragraph or sentences) and repeatedly read the selection until you can read it with no mistakes.  With my children, I usually model the reading of the passage to let them hear when I am pausing, emphasizing certain words, etc.

      I have found that repeated reading works very well with increasing fluency in Arabic as well (for my children as well as myself).  We have been reading from Suratul Kahf every Jumuah.  We started off with the first five ayaat, then moved up to the next five, etc.  I notice that the ayaat that we have read repeatedly over the year and a half we have been reading it, are more fluent and we make less mistakes. (it also helped with memorization) The newer ayaat are choppy at first but then get better with the repeated readings.

      For using repeated reading for Quraan, I find that it is best to pick  ayaat that you have not memorized, otherwise, when you read, you are pretty much going upon what you have memorized.

      In English in our homeschool, we do about 3-5 repeated readings at a sitting and I time the kids so they can see how much they improve. You can do this for Arabic as well. In the beginning stages, while kids are learning to read Arabic words, use reading drills (I have some sprinkled throughout the resources above) and time those drills.

      The Short Vowels in Arabic: Fathah, Kasrah, and Dammah

      Fathah, Kasrah, and Dammah are "short" vowels in Arabic They are not letters, but marks above or below a letter. Here are some resources to teach how to read with these vowels.

      Introduction to the Short Vowels

      There are three short vowels in Arabic:
      1. Fathah
      2. Kasrah
      3. Dammah

      14 page unit


      Fathah is one of the three “short vowels” in Arabic.
      Learning goals:
      • to identify the vowel fathah
      • to read the sound of fathah on each letter on the alphabet
      • to read words containing fathah
      Lesson: Reading with Fathah – 37 pages; sound of fathah, reading letters with fathah, reading words with fathah; mini grammar lesson. (Link updated 11/7/2017)

      Supplemental Resources
      • Fathah Drill Flashcards (fathah  with each letter of the alphabet-this is part of a short vowels practice pack) (link updated 11/7/17)


      Learning goals:
      • to identify the vowel kasrah
      • to read the sound of kasrah on each letter on the alphabet
      • to read words containing kasrah


      Learning goals:
      • to identify the vowel dammah
      • to read the sound of dammah on each letter on the alphabet
      • to read words containing dammah


      Make a File Folder Practice Center

      To aid review, make a short vowels file folder practice center:
      Content Suggestions:
      • Short vowel folder title
      • Short vowel identification drills – (pages 8 and 10 of Short vowels lesson)
      • Fathah sound sort (pages 7 and 8 of Fathah Lesson)
      • Fathah with letter drills
      • Fathah Word Drills
      • Kasrah with letter drills
      • Kasrah/Fathah word drills
      • Dammah with letter drills
      • Dammah Word Drills
      • Other ideas: game boards

      Putting it together:
      1. Take two file folders and overlap the right side of one and the left side of the other and attach at the four corners to create a 3 panel center. Attach a folder title on the outside front cover.
      2. Place materials for one short vowel on each of the three inside panels.
      3. Place materials for short vowel identification on the remaining panel (it is the first exposed panel when you open the front flap.
      on the right side is a short vowel identification drill (identify kasrah, dammah, fathah around the game board)
      Between the right panel and the middle panel is a pocket made by the folder overlapping. You can store additional items here.

      This view shows the fathah drills and cards on the left panel, kasrah cards and word drill in the middle, and dammah cards and word drills on the right panel.

      Perfect for reinforcement of new concept or review!
      Have the kids color to make it more fun looking (we didn’t obviously on this one) and definitely laminate the pages/cards!

      Arabic Fonts

      Here are a few of my favorite fonts that I like to use when making Arabic learning materials.

      The Abo Slman are wonderful fonts (my absolute favorites) for making Arabic worksheets and learning aids. Among them are a dotted Arabic font and a lined Arabic font which are excellent for educational use. They, along with others, can be downloaded here:
      8/16/17: (Thanks to the sister who provided me with an updated link)

      More Fonts I like:

      Cool Text.com - Unicode Arabic Fonts - a collection of  Arabic fonts

      Here are a few of the "more fun" fonts that I liked from the collection:

      And here are some others that I found elsewhere online:

      Arabic Jeddah Font

      Arabic Batouta Font

      Here are a few more, the links were no longer working so I removed them, I left the names in case they can be found by googling.

      Boutros 5
      Arabic Boutros 5 Font

      Boutros 6
      Arabic Boutros 6 Font
      Arabic Cairo Font

      original post date: 2/28/2015