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Beginning Arabic Grammar

Below is a sample outline I put together for beginning Arabic grammar. I have linked to lessons and other materials I have made. Occasionally I will link to outside resources, in shaa Allah.

Parts of Speech

Types of Sentences

  • Jumlatul Ismiyyah
  • Jumlatul Fi’liyyah
  • Review

Numbers (recognition, if  not already taught, or up it to using the numbers in context)


  • Negation recording sheet - a single sheet I made up to record negation words and when they are used and the rules for using them.


When the time drew near to breathe the spirit into Adam, as Allah decreed, He commanded the angels: "When I breathe My spirit into him prostrate before him." Allah breathed His spirit into Adam and when it reached his head Adam sneezed. The angels said: "Say all praise belongs to Allah." Adam repeated: "All praise belongs to Allah." Allah said to him: "Your Lord has granted you mercy." (Stories of the Prophets, Ibn Kathir)

Sneezing Unit Study Ideas

  • Why Do We Sneeze?
  • Islamic Etiquette for Sneezing:
    • The Command to Respond to a Sneeze
    • When Someone Sneezes Repeatedly
    • Covering Your Mouth When Sneezing
    • What to Do When a Non-Muslim Sneezes
  • Printable - Duaas for Sneezing (see below)
Why Do We Sneeze?
Find out what causes us to sneeze from these sites:
  •  “Sneezing” – Kids’ Health – (written for younger kids) - what causes sneezing, what happens when you sneeze, interesting facts about sneezing, sneezing in different cultures
  • What Makes Me Sneeze?” –

Duaa for Sneezing

Duaas for Sneezing

Sneezing in Prayer

 Fatwa no. 16903
Q: If a person sneezes while offering salah (Prayer), should they say “Alhamdu lillah [All praise is due to Allah]“? Also, if a person yawns while offering Salah, do they have to say Isti`adhah (saying: “A`udhu-Billahi mina Al-Shaytan -ir-Rajim [I seek refuge with Allah from the accursed Satan]“)?
A: If a person offering Salah sneezes, they should say, “Alhamdulillah” in a low voice; because there are authentically reported Hadith from the Prophet (peace be upon him) that indicate the permissibility of saying so. As for Isti`adhah after yawning, there is no origin for it in the Shari`ah (Islamic law). However, the person who yawns should hold themselves from yawning as much as they can, but there is no problem if they say Isti`adhah while yawning in or outside Salah.Source:

Source: Salaf us (originally from
One of the people being led in prayer next to me sneezed and then said, “all praise is for Allah (al-Hamdullilah)” while in prayer. Is this permissible to do in prayer, and how should one respond?
When one being led in prayer sneezes, then it is prescribed for that person to praise Allah. This is based on the narration of Mu’aadh bin Rifaa’ah bin Raafi’ from his father, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said,
“I prayed behind the Prophet, peace be upon him, when I sneezed and said al-Hamdullilah, Hamdan Katheeran, Tayeeban Mubaarakan feeh, Mubaarkan ‘alayhi Kamaa Yuhibu Rabbanaa wa Yardhaa (All praise is for Allah, many pure blessings, blessings upon him as our Lord loves and is pleased with).” So when the Prophet finished praying, peace be upon him, he asked who had spoken during prayer but no one answered. Then he asked a second time who had spoken so Rifaa’ah said, “I did Messenger of Allah.” Then he asked him what he had said and Rifaa’ah told him. The Prophet, peace be upon him said: (By the One who my soul is in His hand, I saw thirty or so angels scrambling to see which one would take it up to heaven.)
This narration is related by at-Tirmidhee who said it was a good narration as well as an-Nisaa’ee. Therefore this companion praised Allah after sneezing while he was in prayer and the Prophet, peace be upon him, approved this action, so this proves its permissibility.
From the Legal Rulings of His Eminence ash-Shaykh ‘Abdul-‘Azeez bin ‘Abdullah Aali ash-Shaykh from the magazine Majallat-ul-Buhooth al-Islaamiyyah pages 42-43.
Translated by Aboo ‘Imraan al-Mekseekee – may Allah guide him


To ask Allah for refuge from Shaytan is the "Istiadhah."


What Does Istiadhah Mean? -

Tawbah (Repentance)


Tawbah includes:
First and foremost, leaving the sin. When you realise that you are guilty of doing an action knowing it to be haraam (forbidden), you must leave it, stop doing it.Secondly: you should feel regret because you have disobeyed your Lord and committed a sin.Thirdly: seek forgiveness from Allaah (subhaana wa ta’aala).Fourthly: resolve never to return back to the sin.Fifthly: if you have taken someone’s right (property or honour), you must return it or recompense it.Conditions for One's Tawbah to Be Accepted


Sahabah Learning Resources

Sahab: Companion 
Plural: Sahabah, Companions of the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam)

The Companions of the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam)
Narrated Aisha:
A person asked Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) as to who amongst the people were the best. He said: Of the generation to which I belong, then of the second generation (generation adjacent to my generation), then of the third generation (generation adjacent to the second generation).

Merits of the Companions

Sahabah Printables

  • Sahabah worksheet - not really a worksheet, more like notebooking page template to record information about individual companions.

A Partial Listing of Some Sahabah

    • Abbad ibn Bishr
    • Abdullah ibn Abbas
    • Abdullah ibn Hudhafah as-Sahmi
    • Abdullah ibn Jahsh
    • Abdullah ibn Masud
    • Abdullah Ibn Sailam
    • Abdullah ibn Umar
    • Abdullah ibn Umm Maktum
    • Abdur-Rahman ibn Awf
    • Abu-d Dardaa
    • Abu-l Aas ibn ar-Rabiah
    • Abu Ayyub al-Ansari
    • Abu Dharr al-Ghifari
    • Abu Hurayrah
    • Abu Musa al-Ashari
    • Abu Sufyan ibn al-Harith
    • Abu Ubaydah ibn al-Jarrah
    • Adiyy ibn Hatim
    • Aishah bint Abi Bakr
    • Al-Baraa ibn Malik al-Ansari
    • Amr ibn al-Jamuh
    • An-Nuayman ibn Amr
    • An-Numan ibn Muqarrin
    • Asmaa bint Abu Bakr
    • At-Tufayl ibn Amr ad-Dawsi
    • Barakah
    • Fatimah bint Muhammad
    • Fayruz ad-Daylami
    • Habib ibn Zayd al-Ansari
    • Hakim ibn Hazm
    • Hudhayfah ibn al-Yaman
    • Ikrimah ibn Abi Jahl
    • Jafar ibn Abi Talib
    • Julaybib 
    • Khabbab ibn al-Aratt
    • Muadh ibn Jabal
    • Muhammad ibn Maslamah
    • Musab ibn Umayr
    • Nuaym ibn Masud
    • Rabiah ibn Kab
    • Ramlah bint Abi Sufyan
    • Rumaysa bint Milhan
    • Sad ibn Abi Waqqas
    • Said ibn Aamir al-Jumahi
    • Said ibn Zayd
    • Salim Mawla Abi Hudhayfah
    • Salman al-Farsi
    • Suhayb ar-Rumi
    • Suhayl ibn Amr
    • Talhah ibn Ubaydullah
    • Thabit ibn Qays
    • Thumamah ibn Uthal
    • Ubayy ibn Kab
    • Umayr ibn Sad al-Ansari
    • Umayr ibn Wahb
    • Umm Salamah
    • Uqbah ibn Aamir
    • Utbah ibn Ghazwan
    • Zayd al-Khayr
    • Zayd ibn Thabit

Some Sources to Read About the Sahabah

Activity Ideas

  • Student can make a cover for a "My Book of the Sahabah or place stories in a three ring binder.
  • Journal ideas: What do you admire most about this companion? What can lessons can you learn from his/her life?

Arabic Activity Bank

I love to follow routines when we are learning so my kids know what to expect. But, at the same time, I like to vary activities within our routines to make our time more engaging. This is a list I made up eons ago to make it easy for me to vary the types of activities we were doing in our Arabic learning.

The ideas are ones that you may already use for English but might not have considered for learning Arabic. There are ideas for when your student is learning the alphabet, some ideas to use for spelling and vocabulary, and a few for grammar.

  • Alphabetize the words
  • Conjugate verbs
  • Spelling Pyramid: Great for writing practice and spelling. Write the first letter of a word on one line. Drop down to the second line and write the first two letters of that word. Continue dropping down a line each time adding one letter of the word until the whole word is written. Repeat a few times.
  • Write misspelled words several times (5, 10, etc)
  • Pronunciation: Have student pronounce all the words correctly.
  • Fill in the blank with the correct word
  • Write each word in a sentence. Try to use the grammar skill you are working on in the sentences.
  • Meaning match: match words with their correct definition
  • Plurals, write the plurals of nouns
  • Unscramble words or sentences
  • Go together, what belongs, what doesn’t? In a list of words which go together.
  • Keep a journal of the misspelled words for review
  • Tic Tac Toe (Must spell the word correctly to place your X or 0). Draw miscellaneous shapes/letters instead of X's or O's.
  • Picking Apples/Climbing Ladder/Stairs (write letters or words on apples, student must read the word or give the definition to "pick" the apple; for the ladder/stairs, write the words on rungs or steps and students must read the word or give the definition to "walk" up the ladder/stairs (this has always been a winner for us) Sometimes I would place a treat (money, candy--we usually just use pictures of these and not the real thing) at the top as incentive. If the student reads incorrectly, I usually tell them the correct answer and have them start back over from the beginning.
  • Bang: Place a letter, or word cards in a can. Place one or two cards with the word "Bang" on them in can with the other cards. Child picks out one card at a time and read it. If he reads the card correctly, he continues. If he gets a "Bang" card, he must put all cards back and start over. Child wins when he has read all cards.Note: for smaller children, I would only put 1 "Bang" card in the can.
  • Bingo/Cover Up. Write the letters or words on a bingo board. Call out letters, or words and student covers up. Student wins when a complete row, column, or diagonal is covered. Variation: Cover up: Child must cover the whole board.
  • Clue/Riddle Game. Student is given a list of words that he is working on. Teacher gives a clue about one of the words. Student scans the list for the word and writes the word down. Continue with the rest of the words.
  • Read/Draw. Provide student with a list of words with surrounding blank space. Student reads the word and draws a (non-image) picture. Variation: Provide pictures and student writes the word. 
  • Speed Contest. Student or teacher selects a word. Set a timer for 45 seconds. Student and teacher compete to see who can write the word the most times in 45 seconds (or you could write just a letter). If students are beginning writers, a rule can be set up that the teacher must write the word, say, 3 times as much as the student. Ideas from Peggy Kaye's series of books, "Games for....."
  • Unscramble the Word. Scramble words the student is working on. Have him unscramble them and write them correctly.
  • Supply the Missing letters. Leave out a letter or letters from words.
  • Match pictures to words
  • Hangflower. Variation of hangman, just use a different picture, say a flower. Student must supply letters to guess a word before the picture is completely drawn.

Shahadah Learning Resources


Excellent 13 page PDF by Dr. Saleh as Saleh (rahimuhu Allah). Great for reading material for lessons on the conditions of the Shahadah. Download

Shahadah Lessons - two lessons in this PDF from Manchester Salafi school are on the shahadah (lessons 3 and )

Learning Aids

Shahadah Learning Poster - word by word 

Shahadah Learning Poster

Conditions of the Shahadah

Conditions of the Shahadah Graphic Organizer