Beginning Arabic Grammar

Below is a sample outline I put together for beginning Arabic grammar. I have linked to lessons and other materials I have made. Occasionally I will link to outside resources, in shaa Allah.

Parts of Speech

Types of Sentences

  • Jumlatul Ismiyyah
  • Jumlatul Fi’liyyah
  • Review

Numbers (recognition, if  not already taught, or up it to using the numbers in context)


  • Negation recording sheet - a single sheet I made up to record negation words and when they are used and the rules for using them.


When the time drew near to breathe the spirit into Adam, as Allah decreed, He commanded the angels: "When I breathe My spirit into him prostrate before him." Allah breathed His spirit into Adam and when it reached his head Adam sneezed. The angels said: "Say all praise belongs to Allah." Adam repeated: "All praise belongs to Allah." Allah said to him: "Your Lord has granted you mercy." (Stories of the Prophets, Ibn Kathir)

Sneezing Unit Study Ideas

  • Why Do We Sneeze?
  • Islamic Etiquette for Sneezing:
    • The Command to Respond to a Sneeze
    • When Someone Sneezes Repeatedly
    • Covering Your Mouth When Sneezing
    • What to Do When a Non-Muslim Sneezes
  • Printable - Duaas for Sneezing (see below)
Why Do We Sneeze?
Find out what causes us to sneeze from these sites:
  •  “Sneezing” – Kids’ Health – (written for younger kids) - what causes sneezing, what happens when you sneeze, interesting facts about sneezing, sneezing in different cultures
  • What Makes Me Sneeze?” –

Duaa for Sneezing

Duaas for Sneezing

Sneezing in Prayer

 Fatwa no. 16903
Q: If a person sneezes while offering salah (Prayer), should they say “Alhamdu lillah [All praise is due to Allah]“? Also, if a person yawns while offering Salah, do they have to say Isti`adhah (saying: “A`udhu-Billahi mina Al-Shaytan -ir-Rajim [I seek refuge with Allah from the accursed Satan]“)?
A: If a person offering Salah sneezes, they should say, “Alhamdulillah” in a low voice; because there are authentically reported Hadith from the Prophet (peace be upon him) that indicate the permissibility of saying so. As for Isti`adhah after yawning, there is no origin for it in the Shari`ah (Islamic law). However, the person who yawns should hold themselves from yawning as much as they can, but there is no problem if they say Isti`adhah while yawning in or outside Salah.Source:

Source: Salaf us (originally from
One of the people being led in prayer next to me sneezed and then said, “all praise is for Allah (al-Hamdullilah)” while in prayer. Is this permissible to do in prayer, and how should one respond?
When one being led in prayer sneezes, then it is prescribed for that person to praise Allah. This is based on the narration of Mu’aadh bin Rifaa’ah bin Raafi’ from his father, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said,
“I prayed behind the Prophet, peace be upon him, when I sneezed and said al-Hamdullilah, Hamdan Katheeran, Tayeeban Mubaarakan feeh, Mubaarkan ‘alayhi Kamaa Yuhibu Rabbanaa wa Yardhaa (All praise is for Allah, many pure blessings, blessings upon him as our Lord loves and is pleased with).” So when the Prophet finished praying, peace be upon him, he asked who had spoken during prayer but no one answered. Then he asked a second time who had spoken so Rifaa’ah said, “I did Messenger of Allah.” Then he asked him what he had said and Rifaa’ah told him. The Prophet, peace be upon him said: (By the One who my soul is in His hand, I saw thirty or so angels scrambling to see which one would take it up to heaven.)
This narration is related by at-Tirmidhee who said it was a good narration as well as an-Nisaa’ee. Therefore this companion praised Allah after sneezing while he was in prayer and the Prophet, peace be upon him, approved this action, so this proves its permissibility.
From the Legal Rulings of His Eminence ash-Shaykh ‘Abdul-‘Azeez bin ‘Abdullah Aali ash-Shaykh from the magazine Majallat-ul-Buhooth al-Islaamiyyah pages 42-43.
Translated by Aboo ‘Imraan al-Mekseekee – may Allah guide him


To ask Allah for refuge from Shaytan is the "Istiadhah."


What Does Istiadhah Mean? -

Tawbah (Repentance)


Tawbah includes:
First and foremost, leaving the sin. When you realise that you are guilty of doing an action knowing it to be haraam (forbidden), you must leave it, stop doing it.Secondly: you should feel regret because you have disobeyed your Lord and committed a sin.Thirdly: seek forgiveness from Allaah (subhaana wa ta’aala).Fourthly: resolve never to return back to the sin.Fifthly: if you have taken someone’s right (property or honour), you must return it or recompense it.Conditions for One's Tawbah to Be Accepted


Sahabah Learning Resources

Sahab: Companion 
Plural: Sahabah, Companions of the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam)

The Companions of the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam)
Narrated Aisha:
A person asked Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) as to who amongst the people were the best. He said: Of the generation to which I belong, then of the second generation (generation adjacent to my generation), then of the third generation (generation adjacent to the second generation).

Merits of the Companions

Sahabah Printables

  • Sahabah worksheet - not really a worksheet, more like notebooking page template to record information about individual companions.

A Partial Listing of Some Sahabah

    • Abbad ibn Bishr
    • Abdullah ibn Abbas
    • Abdullah ibn Hudhafah as-Sahmi
    • Abdullah ibn Jahsh
    • Abdullah ibn Masud
    • Abdullah Ibn Sailam
    • Abdullah ibn Umar
    • Abdullah ibn Umm Maktum
    • Abdur-Rahman ibn Awf
    • Abu-d Dardaa
    • Abu-l Aas ibn ar-Rabiah
    • Abu Ayyub al-Ansari
    • Abu Dharr al-Ghifari
    • Abu Hurayrah
    • Abu Musa al-Ashari
    • Abu Sufyan ibn al-Harith
    • Abu Ubaydah ibn al-Jarrah
    • Adiyy ibn Hatim
    • Aishah bint Abi Bakr
    • Al-Baraa ibn Malik al-Ansari
    • Amr ibn al-Jamuh
    • An-Nuayman ibn Amr
    • An-Numan ibn Muqarrin
    • Asmaa bint Abu Bakr
    • At-Tufayl ibn Amr ad-Dawsi
    • Barakah
    • Fatimah bint Muhammad
    • Fayruz ad-Daylami
    • Habib ibn Zayd al-Ansari
    • Hakim ibn Hazm
    • Hudhayfah ibn al-Yaman
    • Ikrimah ibn Abi Jahl
    • Jafar ibn Abi Talib
    • Julaybib 
    • Khabbab ibn al-Aratt
    • Muadh ibn Jabal
    • Muhammad ibn Maslamah
    • Musab ibn Umayr
    • Nuaym ibn Masud
    • Rabiah ibn Kab
    • Ramlah bint Abi Sufyan
    • Rumaysa bint Milhan
    • Sad ibn Abi Waqqas
    • Said ibn Aamir al-Jumahi
    • Said ibn Zayd
    • Salim Mawla Abi Hudhayfah
    • Salman al-Farsi
    • Suhayb ar-Rumi
    • Suhayl ibn Amr
    • Talhah ibn Ubaydullah
    • Thabit ibn Qays
    • Thumamah ibn Uthal
    • Ubayy ibn Kab
    • Umayr ibn Sad al-Ansari
    • Umayr ibn Wahb
    • Umm Salamah
    • Uqbah ibn Aamir
    • Utbah ibn Ghazwan
    • Zayd al-Khayr
    • Zayd ibn Thabit

Some Sources to Read About the Sahabah

Activity Ideas

  • Student can make a cover for a "My Book of the Sahabah or place stories in a three ring binder.
  • Journal ideas: What do you admire most about this companion? What can lessons can you learn from his/her life?

Arabic Activity Bank

I love to follow routines when we are learning so my kids know what to expect. But, at the same time, I like to vary activities within our routines to make our time more engaging. This is a list I made up eons ago to make it easy for me to vary the types of activities we were doing in our Arabic learning.

The ideas are ones that you may already use for English but might not have considered for learning Arabic. There are ideas for when your student is learning the alphabet, some ideas to use for spelling and vocabulary, and a few for grammar.

  • Alphabetize the words
  • Conjugate verbs
  • Spelling Pyramid: Great for writing practice and spelling. Write the first letter of a word on one line. Drop down to the second line and write the first two letters of that word. Continue dropping down a line each time adding one letter of the word until the whole word is written. Repeat a few times.
  • Write misspelled words several times (5, 10, etc)
  • Pronunciation: Have student pronounce all the words correctly.
  • Fill in the blank with the correct word
  • Write each word in a sentence. Try to use the grammar skill you are working on in the sentences.
  • Meaning match: match words with their correct definition
  • Plurals, write the plurals of nouns
  • Unscramble words or sentences
  • Go together, what belongs, what doesn’t? In a list of words which go together.
  • Keep a journal of the misspelled words for review
  • Tic Tac Toe (Must spell the word correctly to place your X or 0). Draw miscellaneous shapes/letters instead of X's or O's.
  • Picking Apples/Climbing Ladder/Stairs (write letters or words on apples, student must read the word or give the definition to "pick" the apple; for the ladder/stairs, write the words on rungs or steps and students must read the word or give the definition to "walk" up the ladder/stairs (this has always been a winner for us) Sometimes I would place a treat (money, candy--we usually just use pictures of these and not the real thing) at the top as incentive. If the student reads incorrectly, I usually tell them the correct answer and have them start back over from the beginning.
  • Bang: Place a letter, or word cards in a can. Place one or two cards with the word "Bang" on them in can with the other cards. Child picks out one card at a time and read it. If he reads the card correctly, he continues. If he gets a "Bang" card, he must put all cards back and start over. Child wins when he has read all cards.Note: for smaller children, I would only put 1 "Bang" card in the can.
  • Bingo/Cover Up. Write the letters or words on a bingo board. Call out letters, or words and student covers up. Student wins when a complete row, column, or diagonal is covered. Variation: Cover up: Child must cover the whole board.
  • Clue/Riddle Game. Student is given a list of words that he is working on. Teacher gives a clue about one of the words. Student scans the list for the word and writes the word down. Continue with the rest of the words.
  • Read/Draw. Provide student with a list of words with surrounding blank space. Student reads the word and draws a (non-image) picture. Variation: Provide pictures and student writes the word. 
  • Speed Contest. Student or teacher selects a word. Set a timer for 45 seconds. Student and teacher compete to see who can write the word the most times in 45 seconds (or you could write just a letter). If students are beginning writers, a rule can be set up that the teacher must write the word, say, 3 times as much as the student. Ideas from Peggy Kaye's series of books, "Games for....."
  • Unscramble the Word. Scramble words the student is working on. Have him unscramble them and write them correctly.
  • Supply the Missing letters. Leave out a letter or letters from words.
  • Match pictures to words
  • Hangflower. Variation of hangman, just use a different picture, say a flower. Student must supply letters to guess a word before the picture is completely drawn.

Shahadah Learning Resources


Excellent 13 page PDF by Dr. Saleh as Saleh (rahimuhu Allah). Great for reading material for lessons on the conditions of the Shahadah. Download

Shahadah Lessons - two lessons in this PDF from Manchester Salafi school are on the shahadah (lessons 3 and )

Learning Aids

Shahadah Learning Poster - word by word 

Shahadah Learning Poster

Conditions of the Shahadah

Conditions of the Shahadah Graphic Organizer




Approximate Level: Mid/Upper Elementary and Up
Format: PDF
Pages: 11

Guided Notes (6 pages; can be used with the lesson above or just as a set of worksheets)

Visual Aids

Tawheed Graphics

Teaching Helps

Some years ago, I put together some dividers hoping to organize my Islamic Studies teaching binder. Then I took it a step further and for the different topics I prepared lists of mastery goals (skills/knowledge) that I wanted my kids to know about a topic and finally I created a review list of questions.  This is the supplement for Tawheed.


Some years ago, I had some of my kids write an essay on Tawheed after we finished studying it. I provided a backbone for them to follow:

I. Introduction - introduce the names of the three types of Tawheed in one sentence.
II. Type 1
  1. Introduce it with a transition word (one sentence)
  2. Explain this tawheed (one sentence)
  3. Give one or more examples of this Tawheed
III. Type 2
  1. Introduce it with a transition word (one sentence)
  2. Explain this tawheed (one sentence)
  3. Give one or more examples of this Tawheed
IV. Type 3
  1. Introduce it with a transition word (one sentence)
  2. Explain this tawheed (one sentence)
  3. Give one or more examples of this Tawheed
V. Explain to your reader why it is important to know about these types of Tawheed (1-3 sentences).

The Masjid

Masjid: an Islamic place of worship
Plural: Masaajid


Etiquettes Within the Houses of Allah (Masaajid)

Very comprehensive and well organized reading. Great to sit down and read, as is, to kids, in shaa Allah. Goes over etiquette from before you go to the masjid, going to the masjid, while you are there, and leaving the masjid.

Activity Ideas
  • Make a poster or lapbook of the etiquette of the masjid
  • Write an essay on the etiquette of the masjid
  • Have student make up a test on the material (true/false, multiple choice)
  • Gameboard and skill cards for etiquette of the masjid game
  • Make a masjid model/craft (paper, clay, legos, pattern blocks)

Creating a Unit Study on the Masjid

Use these resources to create a unit of study on the masjid!

Study Starters

-What is a masjid? 
-What do we do there? 
-How should we behave in the masjid?
-Do you live near a masjid? What is the name of the masjid?
-The proper adab we should have for the masjid (behavior, keeping it clean).

Language (Arabic/English)

-Write the word masjid in English Arabic. 
-What is the plural of masjid in Arabic? (masajid)
-Read about some masaajid around the world.-Younger children: review letters m,a,s,j,i,d and in Arabic, meem, seen, jeem


-Draw a picture of a masjid.
-Cut out pictures and make a collage/poster or book of "Masjids of the World"


-Older: Find and write ayaat that contain the word masjid.

Islamic Studies

-Learn about "What's Inside a Masjid?" with a book donated to TJ from Umm Nassim  
(PDF) (PowerPoint)

Masjid slide show (donated to TJ by 13 year old Abdul Fattaah

What is a Masjid? Unit Study (offsite) - Very nice unit for younger children from "My Test" Islamic Homeschooling Blog
Masjid Lesson, contributed by Umm Tafari, 3/2007 (not currently available)

Duaas for the Masjid:
-Learn the duaa for going the masjid:
-Learn the duaa for entering the masjid:
-Learn the duaa for leaving the masjid:
-Learn about Tahiyaatul Masjid, the rakaat you make when after entering the masjid.

Sample themed problems starters:


The History of Masjid al Aqsa and Palestine
Shaykh Muhammad Salih Al Uthaymeen

(Audio and PDF transcription)

Names of Allah


I found some nice Names of Allah flashcards at

Set 1

Set 2

Name of Allah Notebooking/Lapbooking

This is an example of a Names of Allah notebook entry from Umm Maimoonah Records

Knowing Allah Lapbook - from Always Learning Resources

Coloring Pages/Graphics


Names of Allah Mini Books - I made these years ago for the study of Allah is All Knowing, All Seeing, All Hearing

Names of Allah Bulletin Board Display

Names of Allah Bulletin Board Printables from Islamic Bulletin Boards


Nullifiers of Islam


Factors which nullify imân and islâm
From Muhammad bin Jamil ZinoTaken from his book "The Pillars of Islam and Iman - and what every muslim must know about the religion"


There are things which nullify Imân (Faith) i.e. Belief, just as there are things which nullify Wudhû'. If a person does any single one of them, he loses his state of ritual purity. The same is true with Belief. The nullifiers of Belief can be classified into four categories:

First category: Denial of Rabb's existence or reviling and speaking ill of Him.

Second category: Denial of Allâh's right to be worshipped or worshipping anything or anyone along with Him.

Third category: Denial of any of Allâh's Names or Attributes established in the Qur'ân and Sunnah or reviling them.

Fourth category: Denial of the role of Muhammed (pbuh) as the messenger of Allâh, or reviling His Message.

10 Nullifiers of Islam  AUTHOR: Imaam `Abdul-`Azeez bin Baaz SOURCE: Nawaaqid-ul-Islaam PRODUCED BY:

Nullifiers of Islam, - Kid friendly version of the above work.  I formatted this and added pictures to make it kid friendly for my kids.


Nullifiers of Islam Graphic "Poster" - I summarized the information in the Shaykh ibn Baz article listed above. (I lost the original some years back, so this is a copy that I had in my binder).

Scholars of Islam


Scholars -; resources regarding the virtue of scholars, having contempt for scholars, beware of fraudsters, articles and audios of major scholars.

Know Your Scholars

"To remain safe from the many calls to misguidance and trials and calamaties the Muslims face, and to know where our knowledge should be taken from, we must know our scholars." (

Here is a partial listing of contemporary scholars. 

1. Shaykh Badee’ud-Deen as-Sindee (d.1416H)
2. Shaykh Muhammad Amaan bin ‘Alee Al-Jaamee (d.1416H)
3. Shaykh Hamad al-Ansaari (d.1418H)
4. Shaykh Naasirud-Deen al-Albaanee (d.1420H)
5. Shaykh bin Baaz (d.1420H)
6. Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Saalih Al-’Uthaymeen (d.1421H)
7. Shaykh Muqbil ibn Haadi al Waadi’e (d.1422H)
8. Shaykh Ahmad an-Najmee (d.1429H)
9. Shaykh Rabee’ Ibn Haadee al-Madkhalee
10. Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan
11. Shaykh ‘Ubayd al-Jabiri
12. Shaykh Saalih bin ‘Abdil-’Azeez Aali Shaikh
13. Shaykh Saalih bin Muhammad Al-Luhaydaan
14. Shaykh Zayd Al-Madkhalee (d.1435H)
15. Shaykh Muhammad AbdulWahab Marzooq Al-Banna (d.1430H)
16. Shaykh ‘Abdullaah ibn Ghudayaan (d.1431H)

Biographies for them can be found at IslamTees

Know Your Scholars Notebooking Pages

Scholars Notebooking Page

Scholars Notebooking Page


Shaykh Fawzaan - Biographies

Shaykh Fawzaan - Audio/Audios in Video Format
Shaykh Fawzaan - Works for Reading

More to come, inshaa Allah....

Who Do We Take Our Knowledge From?

When it comes to studying our deen, I am my children's sole resource for Islamic knowledge.

I bring the knowledge to them.

I bring ahadith,

I bring scholarly articles.

But there will come a day, in shaa Allah, when they will be out on their own and they will need to seek knowledge for themselves.

Learn knowledge, for indeed learning it for the sake of Allaah is awe (of Him), seeking it is worship, studying it is glorification (of Allaah), researching it is Jihaad, teaching it to those unaware of it is charity, and giving it out to one’s family builds ties. It is a friend in privacy, a companion in solitude, a guide in times of ease, an aide in times of difficulty, a counselor to the friends (of Allaah), a close-relative to the strangers, and a lighthouse for the path to Paradise. (Muaadh, one of the Companions, Salaf us

And they will need to know where to get that knowledge from.

And today, there is a wealth of Islamic knowledge in books and on the internet.

But as we know, not all of that knowledge is reliable. Not all of it comes from reliable sources.

So, I don't have to tell you, that as parents, it is our responsibility to make sure our children know firstly that we take our deen from the Quraan and Sunnah and after that, we must seek out reliable sources such as the ulema kabeer (major scholars) and students of knowledge.

Today, I was discussing the menses and fasting with my daughters and I always tell them where this information and that information comes from. But I know, that if I left them on their own, they wouldn't know where to get this knowledge. Sure, they can surf the web, but what would they come up with?   So, I made up a sheet for them to place in their Islamic Studies notebooks where they could list scholars, students of knowledge and authentic websites to take from.  I thought others may find it helpful as well, in shaa Allah, so I thought I would share it.

This is a set of templates I made so we could keep track of scholars' names, online scholar websites, and names of students of knowledge.