Women & Prayer: Are Women Required to Call the Athaan & Iqaamah?



Do women have to call the adhaan or iqaamah before praying?

Source: AlIfta.net
Q:Are women obliged to perform Adhan (call to Prayer) or Iqamah (call to start the Prayer) at the time of Salah (Prayer)?

A:Men are obliged to perform Adhan and Iqamah. This is Mashru` (Islamically permissible) for them, even if the man is alone, because Adhan and Iqamah are a collective obligation on a group of people - that is, if one of them performs it, the others are excused from this obligation. If one man performs Adhan and Iqamah, this will be enough. There was controversy concerning their obligation on one man as well as the person who should perform them, if it is only one man who should perform Adhan and Iqamah. As for women, they are not obliged to perform either Adhan or Iqamah, as the matter of calling to congregational Prayer is related to men only, as well as that of informing the people of the times of prayers.

Women perform Salah at home, and are not obliged to that matter. We mean that women are not obliged to perform Adhan or Iqamah. They should start Salah with Takbir (saying: "Allahu Akbar [Allah is the Greatest]") and perform it in the way men do. However, women are not obliged to perform Adhan or Iqamah because there is no evidence on this matter.

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Source: Fatwa-Online.com

Question: When the women gather to perform the prayer, do they make the iqaamah for the prayer?

Response: If they make the iqaamah, there is no harm in that. If they do not do so, there is no harm in that either. This is because the adhan and iqaamah are only obligatory upon the men.

Shaykh Ibn 'Uthaymeen
Fataawa al-Mar.ah

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Q: “Does a woman raise her voice when saying ‘aameen’ during prayer, and does she also give the adhaan and iqaamah?”

Shaikh al-Albaani:

“If she is praying with women, then yes she raises her voice when saying ‘aameen,’ but if she is praying with men who are not her mahram, then no. Because I do not say that the voice of a woman is `awrah, as many say, since the Mothers of the believers and the wives of the Companions from the early times used to speak and discuss with men. And often times the woman would come to the Prophet ﷺ and ask him something in front of the men, and he ﷺ would answer her question. But(here), it is not from the etiquette of a woman to raise her voice when reciting the Qur.aan. We are often asked if it is permissible for a woman – when she is learning the recitation from a Shaikh, a Muqri – to repeat the recitation to him so that he may correct her. The answer is no. Although she learns, her learning is restricted to listening only, like the women of all the Companions learned from the Messenger of Allaah ﷺ by listening to his recitation during prayer or outside of prayer.

If a woman prays with women while she is the imaam, she raises her voice and the women behind her also raise their voices. That is due to his ﷺ statement: ‘Indeed women are the counterparts of men’[1] i.e. every ruling in which the men are being addressed, the women are also included in this address, except that which is made an exception. For example, it is best for a woman, in other than the taraaweeh prayer – please pay attention – in other than the taraaweeh prayer, to pray in her house, whereas it is obligatory upon a man to pray the five prayers in the masjid with the congregation. So here, the woman is not like the man. But the fundamental principle is as he ﷺ said: ‘Indeed women are the counterparts of men.’

So if a woman leads women in prayer as an imaam, she does just as a man would do as an imaam.

Firstly: she raises her voice when reciting and when saying ‘aameen,’ and the women behind her also raise their voices when saying ‘aameen.’

Secondly: not only does the woman lead women in prayer as an imaam, indeed she gives the adhaan and iqaamah too. Why? Because of the previous hadeeth: ‘Indeed women are the counterparts of men.’ Moreover, Aa.ishah – the Mother of the believers and the foremost of the Mothers of the believers in fiqh, knowledge and da`wah, may Allaah bless her and her father – used to give theadhaan and iqaamah when she led women in prayer as an imaam.

Shaykh al-Albaani

https://abdurrahman.org/2010/06/18/the-womans-aameen-adhaan-and-iqaamah/

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