Salatul Fajr is the morning prayer. It is also known as the Subh prayer.
- It consists of 2 rakaat
- It is "jahri, " that is, it is prayed aloud.
- The sunan prayer for fajr consists of 2 rakaah, prayed before the Fajr prayer
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Anyone who observes the two Salahs performed at cool hours (`Asr and Fajr Prayers) will enter Paradise.” (Source)
When is Salaatul Fajr to Be Prayed?
It begins at the first light of the dawn of the sun, the first glow on the Eastern horizon where the sun will rise from. This is understood from the Verse, "Until the white thread (of the dawn) becomes distinguishable from the black thread." It extends until the sun begins to rise, according to the hadeeth, "And the (time of) Subh Prayer is from the first light of dawn until sunrise." This period of time is usually a little over an hour in most places. (Source)
Excellence of the Fajr Prayer
Tips for Waking Up for the Fajr Prayer
"Indeed, the most difficult of prayers to bear, for the hypocrites, are Ishaa [night] and Fajr prayers. If only they knew what they are missing , they would sooner come, even if crawling on their knees". (Source)
- I Miss the Fajr Prayer Often, What should I do?
- How to Wake Up for Fajr Prayer Everyday
- Taking the Means to Wake Up for the Fajr Prayer (audio in video form) - very good!
- Oversleeping and offering salah beyond its due time
- Mending the Rift: Guidelines to Help You Observe the Fajr Prayers - very good!
Among the tips listed in the resources above:
- Go to sleep early
- Get an alarm clock to wake you up
- Ask a friend to call you at Fajr time
- Recite dhikr before going to sleep
- Fill one's heart with faith and good deeds
- Keep away from acts of disobedience to Allah
- Devote oneself with matters pertaining to the worship of Allah
Missing Salatul Fajr
Bukhaaaree and Muslim and An-Nasaaee related on the authority of Ibn Mas'ud (radiallaahu-anhu) that he said:
The case of a man who slept all the night up to sunrise (without waking up for Fajr) was related to the Prophet whereupon he said: "That was a man in whose ear Shaytaan has urinated", or he said "in both his ears".
The urinating is literally true, as Imaam Qurtubi says, since Shaytaan urinates and has sexual intercourse and procreates in a manner that Allah alone knows (1). To ascertain for yourself the truth of this assertion, look at the faces of those who come to deal in their daily business without having prayed Fajr in congregation at due time; look at their faces at working hours. You will surely ask Allaah for refuge from a lot as miserable as theirs. But, after all what do you expect from a person in whose heart Shaytaan has urinated!!! (Source)
What the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) Would Recite in FajrHe used to make the first rak'ah longer than the second. (Prophet's Prayer Described)
Refer to the Prophet's Prayer Described for a listing of different surahs that he would recite during Salaatul Fajr.
The Sunnah Prayer of Fajr
From Ayesha –Radi Allaahu anha– who said: ‘The Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- was not more concerned and did not pay attention to any of the optional prayers like he did for the two Rakat of Sunnah for the Fajr prayer.’
Discussed at the above link:
1 – Giving Attention to the Two Rakat Sunnah for the Fajr Prayer
2 – Shortening the Sunnah of the Fajr Prayer
3 – What the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- would Recite in the Two Rakah for the Sunnah of the Fajr Prayer
4 – Recommendation to Pray the Two Rakah at Home
5 – Lying down on the Right Hand side after the Two Rakah Sunnah of the Fajr
The Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- used to talk after the two Rakah Sunnah for Fajr
6 – The Dislike of Praying the Optional Prayer once Fajr Time has come in, other than the Two Rakah Sunnah for the Fajr Prayer
7 – The Dislike for the Worshipper to begin Praying Two Rakah Sunnah for the Fajr After the Muadhin began the Iqama for the prayer.
8 – Praying two Rakah Sunnah for the Fajr Prayer after the Obligatory Prayer if You Cannot Pray Before it
Thikr After Salaah
There are many supplications/remembrances that we say after prayer. Here are a few related particularly to the Fajr salaat:
“Whoever says ten times immediately after finishing the Fajr (Dawn) Payer, before moving from his place or talking to anyone,
“laa ilaaha illallaahu wahdahu laa shareeka lahu, lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu yuhyee wa yumeetu wa huwa alaa kulli shay’in qadeer – [ none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah alone having no partner, sovereignty is His and all praise is for Him and He brings life and He causes death and He has full power over everything,]”
ten good deeds will be recorded for him, ten sins will be eliminated from him, he will be upgraded ten degrees (in reward), he will be safeguarded from all kinds of harm all that day, he will be guarded against shaytan and no sin can overtake him on that day (and nullify his good deeds) except associating others in worship with Allaah. (At Tirmidhi no.3484 [5/515]) (Source)
Recite Suratul Ikhlaas, Suratul Falaq, Suratun Naas, 3 times each after Salaatul Fajr (Hisnul Muslim)
‘O Allaah, I ask You for knowledge which is beneficial and sustenance which is good, and deeds which are acceptable.’ (To be said afer giving salaam for the fajr prayer) (Hisnul Muslim)