Things to Know About Salatul Fajr

Learn About Salaatul Fajr

Salatul Fajr is the morning prayer. It is also known as the Subh prayer.
  • It consists of 2 rakaat
  • It is "jahri, " that is, it is prayed aloud.
  • The sunan prayer for fajr consists of 2 rakaah, prayed before the Fajr prayer
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Anyone who observes the two Salahs performed at cool hours (`Asr and Fajr Prayers) will enter Paradise.” (Source)

When is Salaatul Fajr to Be Prayed?

It begins at the first light of the dawn of the sun, the first glow on the Eastern horizon where the sun will rise from.  This is understood from the Verse, "Until the white thread (of the dawn) becomes distinguishable from the black thread."  It extends until the sun begins to rise, according to the hadeeth, "And the (time of) Subh Prayer is from the first light of dawn until sunrise."  This period of time is usually a little over an hour in most places. (Source)

Excellence of the Fajr Prayer

Tips for Waking Up for the Fajr Prayer

"Indeed, the most difficult of prayers to bear, for the hypocrites, are Ishaa [night] and Fajr prayers. If only they knew what they are missing , they would sooner come, even if crawling on their knees". (Source)
Among the tips listed in the resources above:
  • Go to sleep early
  • Get an alarm clock to wake you up
  • Ask a friend to call you at Fajr time
  • Recite dhikr before going to sleep
  • Fill one's heart with faith and good deeds
  • Keep away from acts of disobedience to Allah
  • Devote oneself with matters pertaining to the worship of Allah

Missing Salatul Fajr

Bukhaaaree and Muslim and An-Nasaaee related on the authority of Ibn Mas'ud (radiallaahu-anhu) that he said:
 The case of a man who slept all the night up to sunrise (without waking up for Fajr) was related to the Prophet whereupon he said: "That was a man in whose ear Shaytaan has urinated", or he said "in both his ears".
 The urinating is literally true, as Imaam Qurtubi says, since Shaytaan urinates and has sexual intercourse and procreates in a manner that Allah alone knows (1). To ascertain for yourself the truth of this assertion, look at the faces of those who come to deal in their daily business without having prayed Fajr in congregation at due time; look at their faces at working hours. You will surely ask Allaah for refuge from a lot as miserable as theirs. But, after all what do you expect from a person in whose heart Shaytaan has urinated!!! (Source)

What the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) Would Recite in Fajr

He used to make the first rak'ah longer than the second. (Prophet's Prayer Described)

Refer to the Prophet's Prayer Described for a listing of different surahs that he would recite during Salaatul Fajr.

The Sunnah Prayer of Fajr

From Ayesha –Radi Allaahu anha– who said: ‘The Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- was not more concerned and did not pay attention to any of the optional prayers like he did for the two Rakat of Sunnah for the Fajr prayer.’

Discussed at the above link:
1 – Giving Attention to the Two Rakat Sunnah for the Fajr Prayer
2 – Shortening the Sunnah of the Fajr Prayer
3 – What the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- would Recite in the Two Rakah for the Sunnah of the Fajr Prayer
4 – Recommendation to Pray the Two Rakah at Home
5 – Lying down on the Right Hand side after the Two Rakah Sunnah of the Fajr
The Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- used to talk after the two Rakah Sunnah for Fajr
6 – The Dislike of Praying the Optional Prayer once Fajr Time has come in, other than the Two Rakah Sunnah for the Fajr Prayer
7 – The Dislike for the Worshipper to begin Praying Two Rakah Sunnah for the Fajr After the Muadhin began the Iqama for the prayer.
8 – Praying two Rakah Sunnah for the Fajr Prayer after the Obligatory Prayer if You Cannot Pray Before it

Thikr After Salaah

There are many supplications/remembrances that we say after prayer. Here are a few related particularly to the Fajr salaat:
“Whoever says ten times immediately after finishing the Fajr (Dawn) Payer, before moving from his place or talking to anyone,
 “laa ilaaha illallaahu wahdahu laa shareeka lahu, lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu yuhyee wa yumeetu wa huwa alaa kulli shay’in qadeer – [ none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah alone having no partner, sovereignty is His and all praise is for Him and He brings life and He causes death and He has full power over everything,]”
 ten good deeds will be recorded for him, ten sins will be eliminated from him, he will be upgraded ten degrees (in reward), he will be safeguarded from all kinds of harm all that day, he will be guarded against shaytan and no sin can overtake him on that day (and nullify his good deeds) except associating others in worship with Allaah. (At Tirmidhi no.3484 [5/515]) (Source)
Recite Suratul Ikhlaas, Suratul Falaq, Suratun Naas, 3 times each after Salaatul Fajr  (Hisnul Muslim)
‘O Allaah, I ask You for knowledge which is beneficial and sustenance which is good, and deeds which are acceptable.’ (To be said afer giving salaam for the fajr prayer) (Hisnul Muslim)


Our Winter Wall

Our "fall wall" (Instagram) was a hit in our house this year, so on the first day of winter, December 21, I started decorating for our "winter wall." I'm hoping to make it a seasonal tradition as it is a nice focal point in the house, a place to display seasonal artwork and it provides us with learning opportunities.
Here is what we currently have on our wall:

Winter Banner
I loved the fall banner that I found online but finding a similar winter one was a bit tricky. There were many holiday ones and "let it snow" ones (we barely get snow in our parts so that one wasn't really appealing). So, with my limited design skills I made my own banner which came out better than I had expected. I was going to run some yarn across it so that it actually looked like a hanging banner, but, well, we'll see lol. Sometimes it's a major accomplishment just to get something up.

You can download  the Winter Banner here

Winter Words
Just like for our fall wall, I found a freebie winter wall words printable (from the same person) at Teachers Pay Teachers.

These are just a few of the words we have displayed.  There are 40 winter words in this resources. I loved the winter clothes words and she does have some holiday words as well, which obviously we omitted for our use.

Winter Crafts
So we've started a few simple winter crafts. There's our hot cocoa Popsicle stick craft:

Popsicle sticks are my number one go to for crafts this year as I got a box of 1000 of them last year and umm, you can see how much we still have.

(I had gotten a box of jumbo ones as well and we went through that one really quick but I guess I had these out of sight otherwise I'm sure these would be gone too).

The inspiration for this hot cocoa mug craft came from the Glued to My Crafts blog where you can find instructions but it's pretty explanatory looking at the picture I think.

Then there's our Popsicle stick snowflake:

This was another easy one. We painted the sticks and then glued them together and added glitter.

So, those are our winter crafts so far. I've collected some more winter craft ideas on my Winter Craft Pinterest board:

Happy Winter!

Math - Money Learning Resources


US Coins Reference Chart - I made this up recently for my daughter's "math office" reference board.


Play Money - I made this printable up when we lived overseas and I couldn't find US money coins and dollars very readily. Has $1, $5, $10 $20, $50 and $100 bills and pennies, nickels, dimes, and quarters.


Pennies, Dimes, and Dollars Lesson - this is a lesson I made up for one of my older kids when they were in the 3rd grade. It has activities, a few worksheets and handwriting practice for writing coin names and amounts.

Games/Online Practice

Bathroom Etiquette


Etiquette of Relieving Oneself (TROID, Audio, 40 min) - goes over the following topics:
  • The authentic du ͑ā (supplication) for entering the toilet beginning with the Basmala
  • The Scholar's comments regarding entering the toilet with the left foot
  • Distancing yourself from the people and covering ones ͑awrah
  • Do not face the Qiblah or have your back to the Qiblah whilst going to the toilet
  • The permissibilty of using toilet paper when performing Instinjā
  • The permissibilty of urinating standing if one is safe from urine splashing on their clothing
  • The proof of washing the private parts with water
  • Al-Istijmār with stones, and the need to use no less than three stones
  • The issue of eating and drinking whilst on the toilet
  • The prohibition of giving the Salām whilst relieving oneself
  • The undesirability of speaking whilst relieving oneself
  • Washing one's hands after


The Manner of Answering the Call of Nature - scroll down to Chapter 7


Duaas for Entering/Leaving Toilet Area (PDF)

Etiquette for Using Bathroom and Duaas - Half Page
Etiquette for Using Bathroom and Duaas - Full Page

Lesson on Islamic Bathroom Etiquette this is a little dated, I am currently working on revising it, but I still think it's a helpful resource.

Istinja & Istijmar 

Istinja' is the act of cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation1

Istijmar is the act of cleansing the private parts with a hard material after urination or defecation1

These acts should be done with the left hand:

Salman reported that it was said to him: Your Apostle (may peace be upon him) teaches you about everything, even about excrement. He replied: Yes, he has forbidden us to face the Qibla at the time of excretion or urination, or cleansing with right hand or with less than three pebbles, or with dung or bone. (Muslim :: Book 2 : Hadith 504)


Book of Istinja - Extract from English Translations of Collection of "Noor ala Al-Darb" Programs By: Sheikh Abdul Aziz Bin Abdullah ibn 'AbdulRahman ibn Baz
Among the issues addressed:
  • Beware of being soiled by urine
  • Ruling on istijmar in presence of water
  • Ruling combining istinja and istijmar
  • Wiping with tissue


Lollie's Place has a little lesson on istinja and istijmar


Istinja & Istijmar Reminder Poster

Istinja Bottle Ideas



  • A compound is formed when atoms of two or more elements are combined. 
  • Separating a compound requires a chemical reaction. 
  • The properties of a compound are usually different than the properties of the elements it contains.

We recently studied compounds and I thought I'd share the resources we found/used at the upper elementary level (5th/6th grade) (presented in a lesson plan format)

Other Resources:

Duaas for Dressing

Dressing Duaas Booklet
This is part of my duaa book which also currently includes Morning Thikr. You can download the dressing duaas seen below at the link just above. After cutting out, they fit nicely into a composition book which is how we are putting together our duaa book.

These duaas come from Hisnul Muslim.


Islamic Manner of Dress - a unit on dress in Islam, available from my TpT store. A set of 13 lessons:

Unit Outline:
Lesson 1: Why Do We Wear Clothes?
Lesson 2: Keep It Simple
Lesson 3: Cover Up (Awrah)
Lesson 4: Keep it Loose
Lesson 5: Too Much of a Good Thing
Lesson 6: Clothes Resembling the Kuffar
Lesson 7: Hey fella....I mean ma'am?
Lesson 8: No pants?
Lesson 9: Do your garments hang low?
Lesson 10: What's that on your clothes?
Lesson 11: On Your Feet
Lesson 12: Hey Sister! (The Hijab)
Lesson 13: Alhamdulillah for Clothes

Includes duaas for wearing new clothes and clothes in general


Duaa: a supplication made to Allah

Innovations in Duaa

Duaas for Specific Occasions/Times

After Wudhoo
Bathroom related
Eating and Drinking
Feeling Pain
Leaving the House/Traveling

Duaa Learning Aids

Duaa Bulletin Board

Duaa Word by Word Learning Charts

Duaa Progress Charts

Duaa Badges
Track the duaas your kids memorize with duaa badges!
Your kids/students can paste a badge on the chart for each duaa they memorize.
Duaa Memory Badges

Duaa Review Sheet

Morning and Evening Thikr

 Morning Thikr Books

Morning Thikr Book (2016)
This is another version of the morning thikr book. It prints out nicely on regular letter paper but I made it to fit a composition book.  It's a little more kid friendly than the previous one, but truth be told, I use it for myself in the morning after praying Salatul Fajr.

Morning Thikr Book (2015)

Morning Duaa Booklet

Evening Thikr Book coming soon, in shaa Allah......


Salaf us has a great section on thikr with resources on the excellence, manner, and bidah of thikr including more resources on Morning and Evening thikr:
Dhikr Resources at Salaf us

Manner of Making Duaa

Fadalah bin ‘Ubayd (radiallaahu ‘anhu) said:

“The Messenger of Allaah (salallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) heard a man making supplication in his prayer when he had not praised Allaah or said Salah upon the Prophet. The Messenger of Allaah (salallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: This man is rushing. Then he (salallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) called him over and said to him or to someone else: When any one of you supplicates, let him start by praising and glorifying Allaah, The Exalted, then let him send Salah upon the Prophet, and after that let him make supplication as he wishes."(Source)

‘Abdullaah ibn Masood (radiallaahu ‘anhu) said:

"When one of you wishes to ask (Allaah), then he should begin with praising and thanking Allaah with that which He deserves. Then he should ask Allaah to send His peace and blessings upon the Prophet (salallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) then he should ask (for his need). For verily, that (the above method) is more likely to result in success."(Source)

Guidelines for Making Duaa


  • one should be sincere in Du’aa
  • one’s heart should be present in the Du’aa
  • while fearing Allaah
  • one’s food should be halal
  • one should make Du’aa with truthfulness
  • the Du’aa should be made repeatedly, persistently
  • humble yourself to Allaah
  • be consistent in Du’aa
  • increase in Du’aa during times of fear
  • Don’t leave off making Du’aa (even if you commit sins), for Allaah answered the du’aa of shaytan – worst of all creation – “grant me respite until the Day of Judgment.” Allaah said (what means): You are of those allowed respite. (Al-A’raf, ayah 15)
  • Keep in mind that Du’aa is ‘ibaadah (worship)
  • one should be fearful of being prevented from making Du’aa 
  • Do not say “my Du’aa is not answered,” while you yourself close the door by sins

Mixtures, Suspensions, and Solutions

If you're not part of the solution, you're part of the precipitate.

A mixture  is a combination of two or more things that keep their own properties.

A solution is a mixture that stays mixed because its particles are as small as atoms or molecules, such as sugar and water

A suspension is a mixture in which the particles settle and separate into layers over time, such as oil and vinegar.

We're wrapping up our studies of mixtures at the upper elementary level. Here was our 5th grade lesson plan. There are links to experiments and other resources.

5th Grade Lesson Plan

1. Read Lesson 4 Mixtures (California Science Text from MHSchool) - record/define vocabulary words as you/we read

2. Activity: After reading "To Settle or Not to Settle" make a solution and a suspension (We did this as a spur of the moment activity.)

Materials: Glass or plastic jars/containers.

Make a solution (mix a tablespoon of  sugar and a glass of water, or use salt and water).  Keep this for later in the lesson.

Make a suspension (with oil and vinegar). Draw a picture of the result. Why does the vinegar separate to the bottom? Keep this for later in the lesson. (you might want to add food coloring to the vinegar before you mix them so the contrast of layers shows up even more). Also, try mixing 3 or more liquids with different densities.

3. After reading "Reaching a Limit," add more sugar (or salt) to your solution past the point of solubility (so that sugar no longer dissolves.) Draw a picture of the results. Label the solvent and the solute in your picture. Then, heat up the solution and record/draw the results.  You might also cool the solution down again and see what the results are.

4. We also did another activity with oil and vinegar: Lava Lamp with Baking Soda

(Science water???) lol

Now, that's all we had time for today (well, we also our "Kids First Chemistry Set" to try to make salt crystals, so we didn't get to separating mixtures on the first day.

5. Read "Separating Mixtures, " record vocabulary
6. Watch "Separating Mixtures" presentation
7. Do "Separating Mixtures" virtual lab; McGraw Hill Separating Mixtures Virtual LabElements, Compounds, Mixtures Virtual Lab (My son LOVED the separating mixtures labs...I couldn't find enough for him)
8. Do a real life "Separating Mixtures" lab  (another one: How to Separate Mixtures)
8. Do some separating mixtures worksheets: (use google to search)