Bathroom Etiquette in Light of Islam


Etiquette of Relieving Oneself (TROID, Audio, 40 min) - goes over the following topics:
  • The authentic du ͑ā (supplication) for entering the toilet beginning with the Basmala
  • The Scholar's comments regarding entering the toilet with the left foot
  • Distancing yourself from the people and covering ones ͑awrah
  • Do not face the Qiblah or have your back to the Qiblah whilst going to the toilet
  • The permissibilty of using toilet paper when performing Instinjā
  • The permissibilty of urinating standing if one is safe from urine splashing on their clothing
  • The proof of washing the private parts with water
  • Al-Istijmār with stones, and the need to use no less than three stones
  • The issue of eating and drinking whilst on the toilet
  • The prohibition of giving the Salām whilst relieving oneself
  • The undesirability of speaking whilst relieving oneself
  • Washing one's hands after


The Manner of Answering the Call of Nature - scroll down to Chapter 7


Duaas for Entering/Leaving Toilet Area (PDF)

Etiquette for Using Bathroom and Duaas - Half Page
Etiquette for Using Bathroom and Duaas - Full Page

Lesson on Islamic Bathroom Etiquette this is a little dated, I am currently working on revising it, but I still think it's a helpful resource.

Istinja & Istijmar 

Istinja' is the act of cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation1

Istijmar is the act of cleansing the private parts with a hard material after urination or defecation1

These acts should be done with the left hand:

Salman reported that it was said to him: Your Apostle (may peace be upon him) teaches you about everything, even about excrement. He replied: Yes, he has forbidden us to face the Qibla at the time of excretion or urination, or cleansing with right hand or with less than three pebbles, or with dung or bone. (Muslim :: Book 2 : Hadith 504)


Book of Istinja - Extract from English Translations of Collection of "Noor ala Al-Darb" Programs By: Sheikh Abdul Aziz Bin Abdullah ibn 'AbdulRahman ibn Baz
Among the issues addressed:
  • Beware of being soiled by urine
  • Ruling on istijmar in presence of water
  • Ruling combining istinja and istijmar
  • Wiping with tissue

CHAPTER FIVE : Mention of Cleaning the Private Parts (Istinjaa`)

6. Abu Bakr narrated to us; al-Hasan bin Alee narrated to us; ibn Numayr narrated to us; from al-A`mash; from Ibraaheem; from Abdur-Rahmaan bin Yazeed; from Salmaan who said
"The polytheists said, 'indeed your Prophet teaches you [in such detail] that he even teaches you about excretion!' [Salmaan] said, 'for sure, he forbade us from cleaning the private parts with dung or bone and he said: it does not suffice any of you to use less than three stones.'" {12}
  • One. It is sufficient to use three stones in the case that the impurity is removed. It is not valid to use less than three stones.
  • Two. If the impurity is not removed by using three stones then more should be employed until the impurity is removed. {13}
  • Three. Any emission outside urine and excretion requires water to cleanse it [with the exception of wind].
  • Four. Cleaning oneself after urinating is done in the same way as cleaning oneself after excreting [with three or more stones].
  • Five. It is valid to clean the private parts by using clods of dry and solid earth, wood, cloth, papyrus, pieces of moulded clay and other such things.
  • Six. The private parts are not to be cleaned using dung.
  • Seven. They are not to be cleaned using something that has already been employed to clean unless it is first purified.
  • Eight. The private parts are not to be cleaned using bones or anything impure. {14}
  • Nine. It is recommended to employ water to clean the private parts.
  • Ten. If both stones and water are used then this is good. {15}
  • Eleven. It is recommended to wipe ones hand with earth or anything that would take its place and then wash the hand after cleaning the private parts. {16}
  • Twelve. When he leaves the toilet he should say, "Asking your forgiveness." {17}


Lollie's Place has a little lesson on istinja and istijmar


Istinja & Istijmar Reminder Poster

Istinja Bottle Ideas