Prophets and Messengers

Prophets and Messengers in Islam
The word for Prophet in Arabic is "nabbee"
The word for messenger in Arabic is "rasool"

What is the difference between a prophet and messenger?

Question: Is there any difference between a Messenger and a Prophet?


Yes, the scholars say that a Prophet is one who receives Revelation from Allaah of a law, but he is not commanded to propagate it, only to practice it himself, without being called upon to disseminate it. A Messenger is one who receives Revelation from Allaah of a law and he is called upon to propagate it and to act upon it. Every Messenger is a Prophet, but not every Prophet is a Messenger. The Prophets are more in number than the Messengers, and Allaah has related the stories of some of the Messengers in the Quran and others He has not related. Allaah, the Most High says: And indeed We have sent Messengers before you (O Muhammad (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam)): Of some of them We have related to you their story, and some of them we have not related to you their story. And it was not given to any Messenger that he should bring a Sign except by the leave of Allaah. [1]

Based upon this Verse, it is plain that every Prophet mentioned in the Quran is a Messenger.

[1] Ghafir 40:78

Shaykh Muhammad bin Saalih al-`Uthaymeen
Fatawa Islamiyah Vol. 1 Page 226

The Messengers & Their Tasks

Timelines of the Prophets

Timeline of Prophets from Prophets of Allah Lesson Plans Online
This site, put together by Muslim homeschoolers, features lesson plans for the 10 prophets

Prophets Mentioned in the Quraan

Not sure where I found this graphic online:

  • A list I compiled from the Muhsin Khan translation of the Quraan:

Prophets & Messengers Notebooking

I ran across these beautiful notebooking pages today at Diary of a Muslim Homeschool:
Stories of the Prophets Notebooking Pages, 3 styles available
Prophets Notebooking Page 1 (TJ)

Notebooking Page Style 2 (TJ)


Resources for Specific Prophets/Messengers:

Prophet Adam

Story of Prophet Adam - PowerPoint and PDF. (links updated 11/9/17)
Donated to TJ

Prophet Dawood

Dawood and Sulayman 'alayhumaa as-salaam (mp3 from Understand Islam.Net)
Dawood 'alayhis salaam (mp3 from Understand Islam.Net)
Sample Dawud lapbook from Always Learning

Prophet Hud

Prophet Ibrahim

Ibraaheem 'alayhis salaam - part 1 (mp3)
Ibraheem 'alayhis salaam - part 2 (mp3)

Prophet Isa

01- Position of Islaam vs Christianity - Saleh As Saleh - 53:28 · 6.12 MB · MP3

02- Jesus - Spirit From Allaah - Saleh As-Saleh - 23:02 · 2.64 MB · MP3

03- Jesus - His Ascent - His Return - Saleh As Saleh - 24:07 · 2.76 MB · MP3

04- Jesus 'alayhis salaam --- Saleh As Saleh --- 72:51 · 8.34 MB · MP3

 Prophet Lut

Prophet Lut Lesson (TJ)
Prophet Lut Audio from Understand

Prophet Muhammad

Knowing Prophet Muhammad (PDF) by Dr. Saleh as Saleh. An excellent biography written for children.
The Prophetic Household (
Muhammad Pre-Test/Post Test – (TJ) use this test before and/or after a unit of study (based upon “Knowing Prophet Muhammad”)
Muhammad: The Final and Last Prophet – audios related to different issues pertaining to the Prophet
Prophet Muhammad Family Timeline (TJ) - cut and paste activity:

Prophet Musa

Prophet Musa Audio from Understand

Prophet Nuh

Prophet Nuh Audio from

Prophet Saalih

Prophet Shuayb

Prophet Shuayb Lesson(TJ) 
Prophet Shuayb Audio from (mp3) 42 min.

Prophet Yusuf

    Point of Benefits Regarding Prophet Yusuf (mp3 from Understand Islam.Net)