The Role of the Wali

There is no marriage except with a Wali

"There is no nikaah, except with a Walee." (Laa nikah illaa bi walee)
[reported by Ibn Abbas (r)] [Ahmad, Abu Daawood, an-Nisaa'ee, At-Tirmidthi, it was authenticated by Imaam Al Haakim - this particular chain is from Abi Moosaa] [It comes from another authentic chain in Ibn Maajah from Ibn Abbaas (r)]

Shaykh Al Albaanee makes the takhreej of it in Irwaa Al Ghaleel no. 1839
He decalares it authentic in Saheeh Al Jaami' vol. 2, no. 7555
NOTE: So both chains are authentic.
b. "There is no marriage except with a Walee, and the Sultaan is the Walee for whomever there is no Walee."
[reported by Aa'ishah(r)] [Ahmad, Ibn Maajah]
Shaykh Al Albaanee declares it authentic in Saheeh Al Jaami' vol. 2, no. 7556.

Responsibility of the Wali

Question: What is the responsibility of the walee (guardian) of a young woman towards a man who has come forth to propose to his daughter?

 Response: It is obligatory upon the walee to select, for the one to whom he is a guardian over, a suitable pious man whose (practise of the) religion and trustworthiness he is pleased with, as he (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) said:

((When someone with whose religion and character you are satisfied with asks for your daughter in marriage, accede to his request. If you do not do so, there will be temptation on Earth and extensive corruption)), transmitted by Ibn Maajah and at-Tirmidhee, who said the hadeeth is hasan-ghareeb.
So it is obligatory upon the walee to fear Allaah in this regard, and honour the best interests of the one to whom he is a guardian over, and not his own interests; Certainly, he has been entrusted with the responsibility which Allaah has bestowed upon him, and he is not to require of the proposer (to the young woman) that which he is unable, such as requesting mahr above the common practice (rate).
And with Allaah lies all success, and may Allaah send prayers and salutations upon our Prophet Muhammad and his family and his noble companions.
The Permanent Committee for Islaamic Research and Fataawa, comprising -
Head: Shaykh 'Abdul 'Azeez Ibn Abdullaah Ibn Baaz;
Member: Shaykh 'Abdul-'Azeez Aal ash-Shaykh;
Member: Shaykh Bakar 'Abdullaah Abu Zayd
Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa.imah lil-Buhooth al-'Ilmiyyah wal-Iftaa. - Volume 18, Page 46-47, Fatwa No.20062, Question 3

Source: Fatwa Online

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